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rated 0 times [  163] [ 7]  / answers: 1 / hits: 5596  / 2 Years ago, mon, march 28, 2022, 12:00:00

I am working on my first Vue project. I'm used to React and vanilla js, but just getting my head around a few concepts in Vue here.

In particular, importing state and action props from a Pinia store, and seemingly having to import those multiple times in a single Vue component (something I don't need to do in React).

In this example, I am importing a simple count value, and an increment function, and trying to use these in a few different places:

<script setup>
// I import everything initially in setup, which works fine,
// and these props (currentCount and incrementCount)
// can be used in my template:
import { storeToRefs } from 'pinia';
import { useStore } from '@/stores/store';
const { currentCount } = storeToRefs(useStore());
const { incrementCount } = useStore();

Current count: {{ currentCount }}
<button @click="incrementCount">Increment</button>

// I can't use store values from setup here.
// This doesn't work:
// console.log(currentCount);

// I also can't import store values here.
// I get the following error:
// "getActivePinia was called with no active Pinia"
// const { currentCount } = storeToRefs(useStore());

export default {
mounted() {
// I have to import store values here for them to work:
const { currentCount } = storeToRefs(useStore());
watch: {
// weirdly, this reference to watching "currentCount" works:
currentCount() {
// I also have to import store values here for them to work:
const { currentCount } = storeToRefs(useStore());

As you can see, if I want to use store values in my template, on mount, and in a watcher (whereby I'd use React's useEffect hook) I am having to import the store props 3 times in total.

Is this correct / normal? Is there a simpler way to achieve what I'm doing, where I only import props once? I want to be sure I haven't missed something and am not doing something in an unusual way.

Thanks for any help and advice!

More From » vue.js


Pinia was designed with Composition API in mind.

So its intended usage is inside setup() function, where you'd only import it once.

To use it outside of a setup() function, you have two main routes:

  • inside components, you can just return it from setup() and it becomes available in any hook/method/getter. Either as or spread:

import { useStore } from '@/store'
import { toRefs } from 'vue'
// or from '@vue/composition-api' in Vue2

export default {
setup: () => ({ ...toRefs(useStore()) })
/* this makes every state prop, getter or action directly available
on current component instance. In your case, `this.currentCount`.
Obviously, you can also make the entire store available as `this.someStore`:

setup: () => ({ someStore: useSomeStore() })
// now you can use `this.someStore` anywhere

  • a more general approach is to export the pinia instance (returned by createPinia()), from main.(js|ts), import it where you need the store and then call useStore() passing the pinia instance as an argument.

    This can be done anywhere, even outside of components.

    Generic example:

import { pinia } from 'main.js'
import { useSomeStore } from '@/store'

const someStore = useSomeStore(pinia);

I should probably also mention the mapState helper provided by pinia. It allows you to select only a few of the keys exposed to current instance. Example:

import { mapState } from 'pinia'
// ...
computed: {
...mapState(useSomeStore, [ 'currentCount'])
// Now `this.currentCount` is available

Note: mapState is weirdly named, as it allows you to access more than just state props (also getters and actions). It was named mapState to match the similar helper from vuex.

An even more general approach is to add your store as global, using the plugin registration API in Vue2:

import { useSomeStore } from '@/store';
import { createPinia } from 'pinia';

const pinia = createPinia();

const someStorePlugin = {
install(Vue, options) {
Vue.prototype.someStore = useSomeStore(options.pinia)

Vue.use(someStorePlugin, { pinia });

new Vue({ pinia });

After this, every single component of your Vue instance will have this.someStore available on it, without you needing to import it.

Note: I haven't tested adding a store in globals (and I definitely advise against it - you should avoid globals), but i expect it to work.

[#245] Wednesday, March 16, 2022, 2 Years  [reply] [flag answer]
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