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rated 0 times [  122] [ 5]  / answers: 1 / hits: 28994  / 13 Years ago, tue, january 25, 2011, 12:00:00

How do I enable automatic folding in Vim? set foldmethod=syntax doesn't seem to do much of anything.

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To allow folds based on syntax add something like the following to your .vimrc:

set foldmethod=syntax
set foldlevelstart=1

let javaScript_fold=1 " JavaScript
let perl_fold=1 " Perl
let php_folding=1 " PHP
let r_syntax_folding=1 " R
let ruby_fold=1 " Ruby
let sh_fold_enabled=1 " sh
let vimsyn_folding='af' " Vim script
let xml_syntax_folding=1 " XML

Syntax based folding is defined in the syntax files of the language which are located in $VIM/syntax or /usr/share/vim/vimXX/syntax/. But some languages do not have folding rules built into their syntax files; for example Python. For those languages you need to download something from that does folds. Otherwise you will need to use folds based on indents. To do this effectively you will likely want to add the following to your .vimrc file:

set foldmethod=indent
set foldnestmax=2

Other kinds of folding

There are 6 types of folds:

manual          manually define folds
indent more indent means a higher fold level
expr specify an expression to define folds
syntax folds defined by syntax highlighting
diff folds for unchanged text
marker folds defined by markers in the text

Personally, I only use syntax folds. Usually, I just want to fold the method and not fold every indent level. Inconsistent indenting and weirdly formatted legacy code at work often makes indent folding difficult or impossible. Adding marks to the document is tedious and people who do not use Vim will not maintain them when they edit the document. Manual folds work great until someone edits your code in source control and all your folds are now in the wrong place.

More reading

  1. See :help fold-methods to learn the details of different fold methods.

  2. See :help folding to learn the keyboard commands for manipulate folds.

  3. See :help folds for help on the entire topic of folding.

[#94070] Saturday, January 22, 2011, 13 Years  [reply] [flag answer]
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