My first though was: hey, this can't possibly work! But then I did some experimenting and found that it indeed at least seems to provide nicely randomized results.
Then I did some web search and almost at the top found an article from which this code was most ceartanly copied. Looked like a pretty respectable site and author...
But my gut feeling tells me, that this must be wrong. Especially as the sorting algorithm is not specified by ECMA standard. I think different sorting algoritms will result in different non-uniform shuffles. Some sorting algorithms may probably even loop infinitely...
But what do you think?
And as another question... how would I now go and measure how random the results of this shuffling technique are?
update: I did some measurements and posted the results below as one of the answers.