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rated 0 times [  131] [ 7]  / answers: 1 / hits: 32588  / 15 Years ago, thu, february 26, 2009, 12:00:00

I have a method that uses the setTimeout function and makes a call to another method. On initial load method 2 works fine. However, after the timeout, I get an error that says method2 is undefined. What am I doing wrong here?


test.prototype.method = function()
//method2 returns image based on the id passed
this.method2('useSomeElement').src = http://www.some.url;
timeDelay = window.setTimeout(this.method, 5000);

test.prototype.method2 = function(name) {
for (var i = 0; i < document.images.length; i++) {
if (document.images[i].id.indexOf(name) > 1) {
return document.images[i];

More From » javascript


The issue is that setTimeout() causes javascript to use the global scope. Essentially, you're calling the method() class, but not from this. Instead you're just telling setTimeout to use the function method, with no particular scope.

To fix this you can wrap the function call in another function call that references the correct variables. It will look something like this:

test.protoype.method = function()
var that = this;

//method2 returns image based on the id passed
this.method2('useSomeElement').src = http://www.some.url;

var callMethod = function()

timeDelay = window.setTimeout(callMethod, 5000);

that can be this because callMethod() is within method's scope.

This problem becomes more complex when you need to pass parameters to the setTimeout method, as IE doesn't support more than two parameters to setTimeout. In that case you'll need to read up on closures.

Also, as a sidenote, you're setting yourself up for an infinite loop, since method() always calls method().

[#99923] Thursday, February 19, 2009, 15 Years  [reply] [flag answer]
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